Leg ulcers can be a debilitating condition. These painful ulcers typically develop when the skin has become broken and bacteria gets inside the wound, affecting skin tissue. The causes of leg ulcers can be injury to the leg or an underlying vascular disease which affects the veins in the legs, though the most common cause of leg ulcers is venous disease.
Venous disease is the cause of approximately 80 percent of leg ulcers. The disease is typically triggered by the valves in the veins not working correctly, which prevents the veins from working as they should. Unlike healthy legs in which the valves enable the blood to flow towards the heart, veins that are not working correctly fail to prevent blood from flowing back to the legs. Consequently, the veins are put under pressure and the skin can become inflamed.
Venous ulcers develop on the lower leg. The first sign of the condition is an area of the skin that becomes dark red or purple, with the skin becoming dry, thickened and itchy. The first sign that a leg ulcer is forming is often a dull, aching pain in the legs. Swelling may also occur that subsides when the leg is elevated.
Venous ulcers tend to be more common in older people and women. Obesity, a history of deep venous thrombosis, inflamed veins and former leg injuries, can all be factors in the cause of venous ulcers.
Arterial disease is a similar condition to venous disease and is the cause of approximately 15 percent of leg ulcers. Arterial disease is caused by a blockage in either one or more arteries in the leg. It results in the poor circulation of the blood and prevents blood from flowing to certain tissue, which results in a leg ulcer.
The Vascular Consultancy offer leg ulcer treatment and management. Treatment of this often painful and debilitating condition involves expert nursing care in order to clean the wound and stimulating the skin to cover the wound. Treatment to the underlying venous disease is also required.
How is a leg ulcer wound cleaned?
The Vascular Consultancy uses a combination of three techniques to clean a leg ulcer wound. The first is mechanically, which consists of physically removing the slough. The wound can also be cleaned chemically, by using appropriate dressings, as well as biologically, which involves using maggots.
If you have any concerns about leg ulcers or would like to discuss treatment for the condition, get in touch with the Vascular Consultancy and Daryll Baker, one of the UK’s leading specialists in providing advice, diagnosis and treatment options of vascular conditions such as leg ulcers.